Farrier terms for the horse owner to understand!
Sometimes around Vets and Farriers we need a little bit of translation help to fully understand our horses and how their hooves grow and change.
But first - a few directional words that you will often hear a Vet or Farrier say.
Anterior - This references something that is closer to the head or the front of your horse.
Posterior - This refers to something that is closer to the tail of your horse.
Dorsal - The upper side or back of your horse. Think of a shark’s dorsal fin - that’s the one that pokes through the water’s surface.
Ventral - The belly side of your horse!
Medial - Towards the middle. When talking about hooves, think about the inner sides of your horse’s hooves and legs.
Lateral - Towards the outside, the outer edges of the hoof.
Quarter - The lateral or medial sides of the hoof wall. Not the toe or the heel.
Some other things you might hear from the Farrier:
Action - How your horse moves at walk, trot, canter, tolt, pace, rack, or any other gait! Often a farrier will want to see your horse’s action before and after a visit.
Brushing - When your horse’s inside hind legs touch each other, it can be barely a touch or more of a whack.
Breakover - The point at which the hoof pivots over the toe.
Club foot - When the hoof is dished and the heel is too high. There are various degrees of this.
Hoof angle - The angle that the dorsal hoof wall makes with the ground.
Forging - When the hind hooves interfere with the front hooves. Sometimes the step is too long, sometimes the front legs are slow to get out of the way.
Flat footed - The hoof angle is less than 45 degrees.
Long toe/low heel - The toes are too long in relation to the heel height.
Underrun - When the heel angle is less steep than the toe angle.
What other phrases have you heard?